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Although there has been extensive research on the adoption of all kinds of technology, literature is still quite scarce on exploring the acceptance of collaboration technology and on using a research model that is studying the influence of Technology Readiness (TR) on technology adoption. The present thesis broadens research in both these areas by conducting a literature review and empirical analysis on the role of TR in collaboration technology acceptance.The literature review section analyzes four different acceptance models, literature on extending the Technology Acceptance Model (TAM), literature on collaboration technology acceptance, and literature on an integrated approach of the Technology Readiness Index (TRI) within the TAM. It is shown that the TAM is still the preferred model for exploring the acceptance of technology in general and collaboration technology in particular. It is also shown that the TRI can be used as a helpful alternative to using various single external variables for exploring technology adoption with the TAM. Furthermore, a lack of research on collaboration technology acceptance and on working with a model that is integrating the TRI into the TAM is shown. These lacks of research are addressed in the empirical analysis, which is deployed as a pre-test. It is conducted in a survey of students with a research model that is integrating the TRI into the TAM and using social influence as an additional external variable, which is representing a special characteristic of collaboration technology. The research model shows an acceptable model fit and regression analysis is used for testing the propositions.The empirical results indicate that the TRI has only a weak effect on actual collaboration technology use, while social influence is of particular importance in the adoption of collaboration technology. Since its direct effect on actual collaboration technology use is stronger than all the TAM constructs and the TRI, companies and universities have to consider that creating the right setting for the use of collaboration technology is more important for actual system use than the perceived usefulness or ease of use of collaboration technology.